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Sunday, November 19, 2023

Repurposing an previous NAS drive

My NAS was reporting an increasing number of dangerous sectors on two 3.5″ SATA 10 TB exhausting drives (HDDs), so I changed them. However what to do with the two HDDs? Was there a solution to reformat them, clear up the dangerous sectors and re-use them as backup drives? And they’re naked drives, so how do you join them to a regular Home windows PC/laptop computer to do all that?

The primary dilemma was methods to join them, so I went down the rabbit gap of discovering the world of HDD enclosures and docking stations. After an enclosure didn’t work (as a result of the HDD was about 1 mm too excessive for the opening regardless of the product data saying all 3.5″ SATA drives would match [and yes, the company refunded my money]), I went on the lookout for a docking station. As a result of I didn’t need to pay quite a bit solely to search out out it didn’t work, I went for a comparatively low cost (<$50) twin drive docking bay from Wavlink that had excellent evaluations (mannequin WL-ST342U). I obtained it from Amazon.com.au and it got here with an Australian energy connection—at all times a plus!

Subsequent, to see if it labored. The drives fitted, in order that was a great begin. I did all the pieces on my laptop computer in case something broke or ruined my PC. However Home windows wouldn’t recognise both HDD. Some Googling led me to to a CMD immediate (diskpart) that confirmed that the laptop computer COULD see the drives, however Home windows itself couldn’t see them. Extra Googling and contacting my IT individuals… Ultimately, Home windows may see the drives! Right here’s what I did to get that to occur:

  1. Join the docking station to the PC/laptop computer through a USB port and join it to the ability.
  2. Insert a HDD into the docking station, then activate the docking station.
  3. Within the Begin space on Home windows, kind: CMD
  4. On the CMD immediate, kind: diskpart
  5. On the Diskpart immediate, kind: listing disk
  6. Establish the variety of the exterior HDD, usually Disk 1 or 2 or larger (Disk 0 is the principle HDD of the PC/laptop computer—do NOT select that).
  7. On the immediate, kind: sel disk 1 (use the quantity you recognized—in my case it was Disk 1). This selects the disk the subsequent command will work on.
  8. On the immediate, kind: clear (this mainly cleans the disk of any information; it’s very fast).
  9. Shut the CMD window.
  10. Within the Begin space on Home windows, kind: Disk Supervisor
  11. On the Disk Supervisor window you need to now see the cleaned HDD listed beneath Disk 0 (in my case, it was listed as Disk 1).
  12. Within the decrease a part of the Disk Supervisor window, right-click on the label/button for Disk 1 (NOT in the principle space for Disk 1). That is quantity 1 within the screenshot.
  13. Choose the choice to Intialize the disk.
  14. Select the GPT setting (in my case, this was the default setting) and click on OK. Once more, this doesn’t take lengthy.
  15. Proper-click in the principle space for Disk 1 within the decrease a part of the Disk Supervisor window, and choose New Easy Disk (quantity 2 within the screenshot).
  16. Click on Subsequent as required and alter settings, as required. I saved all of the defaults (NTFS,Fast Format, and so on.). Once more, this shouldn’t take lengthy.
  17. As soon as it’s completed, you need to be capable to see the clean disk listed in Home windows File Explorer and be capable to use it.
  18. Non-compulsory: Should you had dangerous sectors on the disk initially, it’s worthwhile operating chkdsk to see if Home windows can discover and repair them. The directions beneath assume that the clear HDD is about to Drive D in your pc—change the drive letter beneath if it’s one other letter:
    • At a CMD immediate, kind: chkdsk d: /f  (This course of took lower than 2 minutes)
    • Shut the CMD window as soon as it has run—with luck no dangerous sectors can be discovered.

My subsequent process is to take away the HDDs from some previous PCs I’ve in a again room, reformat them and add them to the pool of accessible backup HDDs! Then I can ship the remainder of these PCs to eWaste for recycling realizing that the info can’t be found or recovered.

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[Links last checked October 2023]

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